[VIM] Cheat sheet


Basic movement
h l k j character left, right; line up, down
b w word/token left, right
ge e end of word/token left, right
{  } beginning of previous, next paragraph
( ) beginning of previous, next sentence
0 gm beginning, middle of line
^  $ first, last character of line
nngg line n, default the last, first
n% percentage n of the file (n must be provided)
n| column n of current line
% match of next brace, bracket, comment, #define
nnL line n from start, bottom of window
M middle line of window

Insertion & replace ? insert mode
i a insert before, after cursor
I A insert at beginning, end of line
gI insert text in first column
o O open a new line below, above the current line
rc replace character under cursor with c
grc like r, but without affecting layout
R replace characters starting at the cursor
gR like R, but without affecting layout
cm change text of movement command m
cc or S change current line
C change to the end of line
s change one character and insert
~ switch case and advance cursor
g~m switch case of movement command m
gum gUm lowercase, uppercase text of movement m
<m >m shift left, right text of movement m
n<< n>> shift n lines left, right
x X delete character under, before cursor
dm delete text of movement command m
dd D delete current line, to the end of line
J gJ join current line with next, without space
:rd? delete range r lines
:rdx? delete range r lines into register x
Insert mode
^Vc ^Vn insert char c literally, decimal value n
^A insert previously inserted text
^@ same as ^A and stop insert ? command mode
^Rx ^R^Rx insert content of register x, literally
^N ^P text completion before, after cursor
^W delete word before cursor
^U delete all inserted character in current line
^D ^T shift left, right one shift width
^Kc1c2 or c1?c2 enter digraph \c1,c2\
^Oc execute c in temporary command mode
^X^E ^X^Y scroll up, down
<esc> or ^[ abandon edition ? command mode
"x use register x for next delete, yank, put
:reg? show the content of all registers
:reg x? show the content of registers x
ym yank the text of movement command m
yy or Y yank current line into register
p P put register after, before cursor position
]p [p like pP with indent adjusted
gp gP like pP leaving cursor after new text
Advanced insertion
g?m perform rot13 encoding on movement m
n^A n^X +n-n to number under cursor
gqm format lines of movement m to fixed width
:rce w? center lines in range r to width w
:rle i? left align lines in range r with indent i
:rri w? right align lines in range r to width w
!mc? filter lines of movement m through command c
n!!c? filter n lines through command c
:r!c? filter range r lines through command c
Visual mode
v V ^V start/stop highlighting characters, lines, block
o exchange cursor position with start of highlighting
gv start highlighting on previous visual area
aw as ap select a word, a sentence, a paragraph
ab aB select a block ( ), a block { }
Undoing, repeating & registers
u U undo last command, restore last changed line
.  ^R repeat last changes, redo last undo
n repeat last changes with count replaced by n
qc qC record, append typed characters in register c
q stop recording
@c execute the content of register c
@@ repeat previous @ command
:@c? execute register c as an Ex command
:rg/p/c? execute Ex command c on range r
where pattern p matches
Complex movement
- + line up, down on first non-blank character
B W space-separated word left, right
gE E end of space-separated word left, right
n_ down n-1 line on first non-blank character
g0 beginning of screen line
g^  g$ first, last character of screen line
gk gj screen line up, down
fc Fc next, previous occurence of character c
tc Tc before next, previous occurence of c
; , repeat last fFtT, in opposite direction
[[ ]] start of section backward, forward
[] ][ end of section backward, forward
[( ]) unclosed (, ) backward, forward
[{  ]} unclosed {} backward, forward
[m ]m start of backward, forward Java method
[# ]# unclosed #if#else#endif backward, forward
[* ]* start, end of /* */ backward, forward
Search & substitution
/s?  ?s? search forward, backward for s
/s/o?  ?s?o? search fwd, bwd for s with offset o
n or /? repeat forward last search
N or ?? repeat backward last search
# * search backward, forward for word under cursor
g# g* same, but also find partial matches
gd gD local, global definition of symbol under cursor
:rs/f/t/x? substitute f by t in range r
x: g-all occurrences, c-confirm changes
:rx? repeat substitution with new r & x
Special characters in search patterns
.   ^  $ any single character, start, end of line
\< \> start, end of word
[c1-c2] a single character in range c1..c2
[^c1-c2] a single character not in range
\i \k \I \K an identifier, keyword; excl. digits
\f \p \F \P a file name, printable char.; excl. digits
\s \S a white space, a non-white space
\e \t \r \b <esc><tab><?><?>
\= * \+ match 0..10..81..8 of preceding atoms
\| separate two branches ( = or)
\( \) group patterns into an atom
\& \n the whole matched pattern, nth () group
\u \l next character made upper, lowercase
\c \C ignore, match case on next pattern
Offsets in search commands
n or +n n line downward in column 1
-n n line upward in column 1
e+n e-n n characters right, left to end of match
s+n s-n n characters right, left to start of match
;sc execute search command sc next
Marks and motions
mc mark current position with mark ?[a..Z]
`c `C go to mark c in current, C in any file
`0..9 go to last exit position
`` `" go to position before jump, at last edit
`[ `] go to start, end of previously operated text
:marks? print the active marks list
:jumps? print the jump list
n^O go to nth older position in jump list
n^I go to nth newer position in jump list
Key mapping & abbreviations
:map c e? map ? e in normal & visual mode
:map!  c e? map ? e in insert & cmd-line mode
:unmap c?  :unmap!  c? remove mapping c
:mk f? write current mappings, settings… to file f
:ab c e? add abbreviation for ? e
:ab c? show abbreviations starting with c
:una c? remove abbreviation c
:ta t? jump to tag t
:nta? jump to nth newer tag in list
^] ^T jump to the tag under cursor, return from tag
:ts t? list matching tags and select one for jump
:tj t? jump to tag or select one if multiple matches
:tags? print tag list
:npo?  :n^T? jump back from, to nth older tag
:tl? jump to last matching tag
^W}  :pt t? preview tag under cursor, tag t
^W] split window and show tag under cursor
^Wz or :pc? close tag preview window
Scrolling & multi-windowing
^E ^Y scroll line up, down
^D ^U scroll half a page up, down
^F ^B scroll page up, down
zt or z? set current line at top of window
zz or z.  set current line at center of window
zb or z- set current line at bottom of window
zh zl scroll one character to the right, left
zH zL scroll half a screen to the right, left
^Ws or :split? split window in two
^Wn or :new? create new empty window
^Wo or :on? make current window one on screen
^Wj ^Wk move to window below, above
^Ww ^W^W move to window below, above (wrap)
Ex commands (?)
:e f edit file f, unless changes have been made
:e!  f edit file f always (by default reload current)
:wn :wN write file and edit next, previous one
:n :N edit next, previous file in list
:rw write range r to current file
:rf write range r to file f
:rw>>f append range r to file f
:q :q! quit and confirm, quit and discard changes
:wq or 😡 or ZZ write to current file and exit
<up> <down> recall commands starting with current
:r f insert content of file f below cursor
:r!  c insert output of command c below cursor
:args display the argument list
:rco  a :rm  a copy, move range r below line a
Ex ranges
, ;  separates two lines numbers, set to first line
n an absolute line number n
.   $ the current line, the last line in file
% * entire file, visual area
't position of mark t
/p/ ?p? the next, previous line where p matches
+n -n +n-n to the preceding line number
zfm create fold of movement m
:rfo create fold for range r
zd zE delete fold at cursor, all in window
zo zc zO zC open, close one fold; recursively
[z ]z move to start, end of current open fold
zj zk move down, up to start, end of next fold
:sh?  :!c? start shell, execute command c in shell
K lookup keyword under cursor with man
:make? start make, read errors and jump to first
:cn?  :cp? display the next, previous error
:cl?  :cf? list all errors, read errors from file
^L ^G redraw screen, show filename and position
g^G show cursor column, line, and character position
ga show ASCII value of character under cursor
gf open file which filename is under cursor
:redir>f? redirect output to file f
:mkview [f] save view configuration [to file f]
:loadview [f] load view configuration [from file f]
^@ ^K ^_  \  Fn ^Fn unmapped keys
Copyright (C) 2005 by Laurent GRÉGOIRE (laurent.gregoire@icam.fr)
Converted from vimqrc.tex using a Python script.
You can find the latest revision at http://tnerual.eriogerg.free.fr

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